Texas Monarch Watch, est. 1993

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Return to Texas Entomology - Compiled by Mike Quinn

Spring 2017 Monarch Migration Map
Updated Daily to Weekly by Journey North

Photos of Insects Carrying Milkweed Pollinia
Please let me know of any photos I may have missed. Thanks!

Mike Quinn, Director
Texas Monarch Watch
Co-author Milkweed, Monarchs and More
Vice-President, Austin Butterfly Forum
512-577-0250 - cell

Texas Monarch Watch was established with the cooperation of
Dr. Bill Calvert and Texas Parks and Wildlife in 1993.
Mike Quinn has coordinated Texas Monarch Watch since 2000.
Please report significant monarch sightings along with an
assessment of the nectar resources, temperature, and wind direction at that location. Thanks!

Monarch and Relatives' Seasonal Distribution in Central Texas

Danaids of Travis Co.














Danaus plexippus














Danaus gilippus














Danaus eresimus













X - Specimen Record - At least one specimen collected within the designated 10-day period.
V - Sight Record - At least one individual sighted within the designated 10-day period.
= -
No Sight or Specimen Record within the designated 10-day period.

Data collected by Chris J. Durden between 1968 and 1990.

Photographs & Videos of Insects & Entomologists

Milkweed Information - Family Apocynaceae (formerly: Asclepiadaceae)


Propagation, Gardening and Conservation

Texas Milkweeds and the Danaid Caterpillars that Feed on Them

Species most important to the Spring Monarch migration highlighted in red

Scientific Name Range Map, notes
LBJ Wildflower Center
Common Name Host for:
Asclepias amplexicaulis ne TX

Blunt-Leaf Milkweed  Monarch, Queen
Asclepias asperula - Western 2/3rds of TX USDA - iNat Information Antelope Horn Milkweed Monarch, Queen
Asclepias curassavica - native to Mex and possibly southmost TX
iNat Range Map
Tropical Milkweed  Monarch, Queen, Soldier
Asclepias incarnata rare, Edwards Plateau

Swamp Milkweed  Monarch, Queen
Asclepias latifolia - Common in west TX USDA - iNat  Information - Fall host Broad-leaf Milkweed Monarch
Asclepias oenotheroides - West 2/3rds of TX USDA - iNat
Information Zizotes or Sidecluster Milkweed Monarch
Asclepias perennis se TX, nr. Houston

Aquatic Milkweed Queen
Asclepias purpurascens
barely reaches ne TX

Purple Milkweed Monarch
Asclepias texana
rare, Edwards Plateau

Texas Milkweed Monarch
Asclepias tomentosa rare, ne TX

Velvet-leaf Milkweed Monarch, Soldier
Asclepias tuberosa
e. half of Texas

Butterfly Weed Monarch, Gray Hairstreak
Asclepias viridis - Eastern half of TX USDA - iNat
Information Green Milkweed Monarch
Asclepias prostrata very rare, south TX

Prostrate Milkweed
Species of Concern
Milkweed Vines

Cynanchum barbigerum 

Bearded Milkvine
Variegated Fritillary
Cynanchum laeve 

Honey Milkvine Monarch
Cynanchum maccartii

MacCart's Milkvine Queen
Cynanchum racemosum

Talayote Milkvine Queen, Soldier
Matelea edwardsensis 

Plateau Milkvine  Queen
Matelea reticulata

Pearl Milkvine Monarch
Matelea texensis

Trans-Pecos Milkvine Species of Concern
Funastrum (=Sarcostemma) crispum  

Wavy-leaf Twinevine Queen, Soldier, Monarch
Funastrum (=Sarcostemma) cynanchoides  

Fringed Twinevine Queen, Soldier
Identification of Milkweeds (Asclepias, Family Apocynaceae) in Texas - TPWD, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center & Baylor University
Patterns in the spatial and temporal use of Texas milkweeds (Asclepiadaceae) by the Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus L.) during fall, 1996 - Calvert, 1999
A Phylogeny of Apocynaceae sensu lato - Judd et al., 2002

Texas Moth Caterpillars (Tiger, Noctuid, Sphinx and Saturniid) that Host on various Milkweeds

Unexpected Cycnia Moth Cycnia inopinatus (Hy. Edwards) Eastern US to New Mexico
Milkweed (=Asclepias)
Delicate Cycnia Moth Cycnia tenera Hübner Widely Distributed
Milkweed and Dogbane
Glorious Tiger Moth Ectypia clio (Packard) Western US
Milkweed and Dogbane
Milkweed Tiger Moth Euchaetes egle (Drury) Eastern North America
Milkweed and Dogbane
Elegant Tiger Moth Euchaetes elegans Stretch Southwestern US to W. Texas
Zella Tiger Moth
Euchaetes zella (Dyar) Southwestern US to W. Texas Milkweed vine
Salt Marsh Caterpillar
Estigmene acrea (Drury)Widely DistributedMilkweed, Polyphagous
Woolly Bear, Isabella Tiger Moth
Pyrrharctia isabella (J.E. Smith) Widely Distributed Milkweed, Polyphagous
Yellow Bear, Virginia Tiger Moth
Spilosoma virginica (Fabricius) Widely Distributed Common Milkweed, Polyphagous
Fall Armyworm Moth
Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) E. North America to SW US
Milkweed, Polyphagous
Yellow Striped Garden Caterpillar
Trichordestra legitima (Grote) E. North America to SW US
Milkweed, Polyphagous
Lassaux's Sphinx Moth
Erinnyis lassauxii (Boisduval) S., C., N., and E. Texas (also FL, AZ)
Various Milkweed Vines
Obscure Sphinx Moth Erinnyis obscura (Fabricius) E. US to S. California
Various Milkweed Vines
Cecropia Moth Hyalophora cecropia (Linnaeus) E. North America to Rocky Mtns
Milkweed, Polyphagous

Primary References: Hosts Database, Wagner (2005), and Wagner et al. (2012)

Seed & Plant Sources

Directory of Texas suppliers of native plants and seeds - Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Finding Native Plants - Native Plant Society of Texas (NPSOT)
Native American Seed - Junction, TX - 1 (800) 728-4043
Wildseed Farms - Fredericksburg, TX - 1 (800) 848-0078
Milkweed Seed Finder - The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation
Natives of Texas - White Milkweed  A. texana - Kerrville, TX - 1 (830) 896-2169
Monarch Gateway

North America (North of Mexico)

Weather Maps

Palmer Drought Severity Index Map - Interpretation - NOAA
Other U.S. Weather Maps

        Research Projects

Journey North Report Your Sightings HERE 

Weekly & biweekly updates on Monarchs & Milkweed 

Sp 09 Fall 09Sp 08 Fall 08 | Sp 07 Fall 07 | Sp 06 Fall 06 

Sp 05 Fall 05 | Sp 04 Fall 04 | Sp 03 Fall 03 | Sp 02 Fall 02
Migration Animation - Spring 2000 (see also México links)

Monarch Watch - University of Kansas

Dplex-L Email List - Email Updates - Tagging Kits - 1 (888) TAGGING

Monarch Waystation Program - facebook - Tag Recovery Rates
Monarch Watch Forums
- Monarch Watch Blog

Season Summaries (1993-2001) - Is there a premigration?

Monarch Larval Monitoring Project

University of Minnesota (Texas Trainers)
Monitoring Results from TX Since 1997 - Boerne 2002-2016
A Field Guide to Monarch Caterpillars


A project in which volunteers sample wild monarch butterflies to help
track the spread of a protozoan parasite across North America.
What is OE?

Texas Monarch and Native Pollinator Conservation Plan

          Effort by Texas Parks & Wildlife to conserve monarchs and
          native pollinators. Other TPWD monarch links.

Monarch Joint Venture

       Meeting Presentations (2012)

       Conservation Plan (2008)

Southwest Monarch Study

          Researching the migration and breeding patterns of monarch       
          butterflies in Arizona and the SouthWestern United States
Monarch Gateway

         Dedicated to helping your organization start a milkweed restoration program.

Mexico - Conservation - Discovery - News - Videos - Travel


The Discovery

News & Information

Graphs & Charts

Photos & Videos

Other Migratory Insects of Texas and North America

Books, Papers and Bibliographies

    Books - Popular

    Books - Technical

    Articles - Popular

    Articles - Scientific

    Bibliographies of Scientific Papers

04 April 2017 ©  Mike Quinn / entomike@gmail.com / Texas Entomology