Texas Stink Bugs - Family Pentatomidae

BugGuide image guide to 90+ stink bug spp. in Texas

I was greatly assisted by V. Bugh, D. Rider and D. Thomas, among others
I also benefited from access to the TAMUIC and the UTIC collections,
as well as BugGuide images, but any mistakes below are my own.

Return to Texas Entomology - Compiled by Mike Quinn

Subfamily Asopinae - Predatory Stink Bugs

Apateticus lineolatus (Herrich-Schäffer) - Apateticus lineolatus=   - Apateticus lineolatus - Apateticus lineolatus (Herrich-Schäffer) - large arboreal sp. similar to Brochymena, but edge of pronotum is smooth - mostly sw US to c. TX
BG3134 F0002h - Alcaeorrhynchus grandis=Alcaeorrhynchus grandis (Dallas) - Alcaeorrhynchus grandis=Hemipteran nymph - Alcaeorrhynchus grandis - Alcaeorrhynchus grandis (Dallas) - large arboreal sp. w/ double-pointed humeral spines - se US to c. TX
Apoecilus cynicus (Say) - Apoecilus cynicus=Apoecilus cynicus (Say) - Apoecilus cynicus=nymph - Apoecilus cynicus=Apoecilus cynicus (Say) - Apoecilus cynicus - Apoecilus cynicus (Say) - feeds on caterpillars along woodland edges - e NA to CA
Florida predatory stinkbug - Euthyrhynchus floridanus=Florida Predatory Stink Bug - Euthyrhynchus floridanus - Euthyrhynchus floridanus (Linnaeus) - preys on wide var. of adult and imm. insects - se US to n. TX
Oplomus mundus Stål - Oplomus mundus - male=Oplomus mundus Stål - Oplomus mundus - male=Orange Stinkbug with Two Black Spots - Oplomus mundus=Oplomus mundus - Oplomus mundus Stål - s. TX to Panama
Tylospilus acutissimus (Stål) - Tylospilus acutissimus=Tylospilus acutissimus (Stål) - Tylospilus acutissimus=Tylospilus acutissimus (Stål) - Tylospilus acutissimus - Tylospilus acutissimus (Stål) - KS to Columbia
Stink bug - Perillus bioculatus=Stink Bug - Perillus bioculatus=Two-spotted stink bug - Perillus bioculatus - Two-spotted Stink Bug - Perillus bioculatus (Fabricius) - red color is due to pigment obtained from its prey, mostly chrysomelids - widely dist. across US
Pred. Stinkbugs - Perillus confluens - male - female Perillus splendidus (Uhler) - Perillus splendidus Pentatomidae, dorsal - Perillus strigipes=Podisus strigipes (Herrich-Schäffer) - Perillus strigipes - genus widely dist. across NA
Podisus maculiventris (Say) - Podisus maculiventris=Podisus maculiventris (Say) - Podisus maculiventris=Podisus maculiventris (Say) - Podisus maculiventris=Podisus maculiventris (Say) - Podisus maculiventris=Podisus maculiventris (Say) - Podisus maculiventris=Podisus maculiventris (Say) - Podisus maculiventris=Podisus maculiventris (Say) - Podisus maculiventris - Spined Soldier Bug - Podisus maculiventris (Say) - preys on wide var. of adult & imm. insects - across N. Amer. Stiretrus anchorago (Fabricius) - Stiretrus anchorago=Stiretrus anchorago (Fabricius) - Stiretrus anchorago=Anchor Stink Bug - Stiretrus anchorago=Stiretrus anchorago (Fabricius) - Stiretrus anchorago=Stiretrus anchorago (Fabricius) - Stiretrus anchorago==Stiretrus anchorago (Fabricius) - Stiretrus anchorago - Anchor Stinkbug - Stiretrus anchorago (Fabricius) - mostly preys on caterpillars - e US to NM
Iridescent Black Pentatomid in California - Zicrona americana=Iridescent Black Pentatomid nymph - Zicrona americana - Zicrona americana Thomas - adults similar to dark form of Anchor Sink Bug above, nymps similar to E. floridanus - w. US to TX & KS

Subfamily Discocephalinae

Lineostethus clypeatus (Stal) - Lineostethus clypealis - Lineostethus clypeatus (Stal) - southmost TX to Mex

Subfamily Edessinae

Edessa? - Edessa bifida - Edessa bifida (Say) - large, smooth, rounded sp. - se US to c. TX

Subfamily Pentatominae

Neottiglossa cavifrons Stal - Neottiglossa cavifrons - Neottiglossa cavifrons Stål - very small pentatomid - se US to CA
Bug Adult - Aelia americana=Bug Nymph - Aelia americana - Aelia americana Dallas - asso. w/ grasses - w. NA to n. TX
- African Cluster Bug - Agonoscelis puberula Stål - small, adventive sp. forms clusters on its host horehound. - sw US to AR Halyomorpha halys=brown marmorated stinkbug - Halyomorpha halys - female=Stink bug - Halyomorpha halys=Spiky Nymph - Halyomorpha halys - Brown Marmorated Stink Bug - Halyomorpha halys (Stål) - invasive sp., may be established in the Houston area - mostly e US, and w coast
Cosmopepla lintneriana? - Cosmopepla lintneriana=What is this, please? - Cosmopepla lintneriana - Two-spotted Stink Bug - Cosmopepla lintneriana (Kirkaldy) - small, often on plants in the mint family (Lamiaceae) - e NA to BC
Kermana imbuta (Walker) - Kermana imbuta=Kermana imbuta (Walker) - Kermana imbuta=Kermana imbuta (Walker) - Kermana imbuta - Kermana imbuta (Walker) - c. TX to C. Amer.
Mormidea lugens (Fabricius) - Mormidea lugens=Mormidea lugens 5th instar - Mormidea lugens - Mormidea lugens (Fabricius) - small destinctive sp. often found on grasses - e NA to c. TX,  Mex.
Proxys punctulatus (Palisot) - Proxys punctulatus=830W14 - Proxys punctulatus=bug nymph - Proxys punctulatus - Black Stink Bug - Proxys punctulatus (Palisot) - e US to c. TX, CA
Coenus delius (Say) - Coenus delius=Coenus delius (Say) - Coenus delius - Coenus delius (Say) - pale, plump pentatomid with long rounded scutellum - e NA to BC (rare in south)
Holcostethus limbolarius (Stål) - Holcostethus limbolarius=Holcostethus limbolarius=Margined Stink Bug - Holcostethus limbolarius - Holcostethus limbolarius (Stål) - pronotum and elytra with thin cream-colored margin - widely dist. across NA
Hymenarcys nervosa=Hymenarcys nervosa nymph - Hymenarcys nervosa - Hymenarcys nervosa (Say) - prominent veins in the wing membrane - e US to c. TX
Menecles insertus (Say) - Menecles insertus=Menecles insertus ? - Menecles insertus=Brown pentatomoid nymph - Menecles insertus - Menecles insertus (Say) - broadly flattened body - e NA to CA
Pentatomid - Moromorpha tetra=  - Moromorpha tetra=Immature Bug 5 - Moromorpha tetra - Moromorpha tetra (Walker) - AZ to TX / Mex.
Mormidea cubrosa Dallas - Mormidea cubrosa - Mormidea cubrosa Dallas - s. TX to Columbia
Mcphersonarcys aequalis (Say) - Mcphersonarcys aequalis=Mcphersonarcys aequalis (Say) - Mcphersonarcys aequalis=Mcphersonarcys aequalis (Say) - Mcphersonarcys aequalis - Mcphersonarcys aequalis (Say) - elongated head and prothorax - e NA to AZ, uncommon in TX
Oebalus pugnax (Fabricius) - Oebalus pugnax=Rice Stink Bug nymph - Oebalus pugnax=Early instar nymph - Oebalus pugnax - Rice Stink Bug - Oebalus pugnax (Fabricius) - narrow with forward-pointing spines on shoulders - see also Mecidea - e US to AZ
Prionosoma podopioides Uhler - Prionosoma podopioides - Prionosoma podopioides Uhler - hairy pronotum and head - hosts on desert monocots - w. NA to s. TX
Trichopepla semivittata (Say) - Trichopepla semivittata=Trichopepla semivittata (Say) - Trichopepla semivittata=Trichopepla semivittata (Say) - Trichopepla semivittata=stinkbug with nymphs - Trichopepla semivittata - Trichopepla semivittata (Say) - small, roundish, boldly patterned, see also Dendrocoris - e US to Mex. Euschistus obscurus (Palisot) - Euschistus obscurus=Euschistus obscurus (Palisot)  - Euschistus obscurus=Euschistus obscurus? - Euschistus obscurus - Euschistus obscurus (Palisot) - small w/ pale bar stretching betw. the humeral angles of the pronotum - se US to Mex.
Euschistus servus (Say) - Euschistus servus=Euschistus servus (Say) - Euschistus servus - Brown Stink Bug - Euschistus servus (Say) - large, variable in color, ranging from very light tan to rather dark brown - widely dist.
Euschistus tristigmus (Say) - Euschistus tristigmus=Euschistus tristigmus (Say) - Euschistus tristigmus - Dusky Stink Bug - Euschistus tristigmus (Say) - pronounced shoulder angles, tip of the scutellum is often white - e. NA
Euschistus crassus Dallas - Euschistus crassus=Euschistus crassus Dallas - Euschistus crassus - Euschistus crassus Dallas - apparently prefers sandy areas - se US to c. TX
Euschistus ictericus (Linnaeus) - Euschistus ictericus=Euschistus ictericus (Linnaeus) - Euschistus ictericus - Euschistus ictericus (Linnaeus) -  large, sharp spines on the shoulders - uncommon, e NA to c. TX
Euschistus latimarginatus Zimmer - Euschistus latimarginatus - male=Euschistus latimarginatus Zimmer - Euschistus latimarginatus - male - Euschistus latimarginatus Zimmer - a sandhill specialist - ranges from w. TX to NE & CO
Euschistus quadrator Rolston - Euschistus quadrator=Euschistus quadrator Rolston - Euschistus quadrator - Euschistus quadrator Rolston - sharp humeral spines - uncommon, se US to C. Amer.
Pentatomid - Euschistus variolarius - male=Pentatomid - Euschistus variolarius - male - Euschistus variolarius (Palisot de Beauvois) - male has prominent black spot below - widely dist., but mostly n. of Texas Unknown Stink Bug - Arvelius albopunctatus=Arvelius albopunctatus (DeGeer) - Arvelius albopunctatus=What am I? - Arvelius albopunctatus=Tomato Stink Bug Nymphs - Arvelius albopunctatus=Bugs?? - Arvelius albopunctatus=Orange/Black - Leaf-footed Insect?  Assassin Bug? - Arvelius albopunctatus=Stink bug nymphs??? - Arvelius albopunctatus - Arvelius albopunctatus (DeGeer) - AZ, TX, FL, Neotropics
Loxa - 2 Loxa spp. in TX - NM to FL / Mex. to S. Amer. / W. Indies
Brochymena arborea (Say) - Brochymena arborea - Brochymena arborea (Say) - note distinctive quadrate humeral angles of the pronotum - e. NA to NM
Brochymena chelonoides Ruckes - Brochymena chelonoides Brochymena lineata Ruckes - Brochymena lineata Brochymena quadripustulata (Fabricius) - Brochymena quadripustulata Brochymena cariosa Stål - Brochymena cariosa Brochymena? - Brochymena parva Brochymena - Brochymena sulcata Rough Stink Bug - Brochymena cariosa Rough Stink Bug - Brochymena myops let it not be marmorated - Brochymena punctata Which Stink Bug ? - Brochymena barberi - genus widely dist. across NA Pentatomidae - Mecidea=Mecidea major Sailer - Mecidea major=Unid. striped true bug nymph - Mecidea - two spp. in Texas - grass hosts include Sideoats Grama - see also Rice Stink Bug - genus ranges from upper midwest to sw US
Chinavia hilaris (Say) - Chinavia hilaris=green stink bug nymph - Chinavia hilaris=Chinavia hilaris (Say) - Chinavia hilaris=Chinavia hilaris (Say) - Chinavia hilaris - Green Stink Bug - Chinavia hilaris (Say) - this is the most common sp. in TX - widely dist. across N. Amer.
Chinavia marginata (Palisot) - Chinavia marginata=Chinavia marginata (Palisot) - Chinavia marginata=Chinavia marginata (Palisot) - Chinavia marginata=Chinavia marginata (Palisot)  - Chinavia marginata=Chinavia marginata (Palisot) - Chinavia marginata=Chinavia marginata (Palisot) - Chinavia marginata - Chinavia marginata (Palisot) - antennae of adults are blue-green - uncommon from c. TX to S. Amer.
Southern Green Stink Bug - Nezara viridula=Southern Stink Bug Nymph - Nezara viridula=Bug Nymph? - Nezara viridula=Insect found in classroom - Nezara viridula - Southern Green Stink Bug - Nezara viridula (Linnaeus) - scutellum has small black dot in each forward corner - se US, CA Chlorochroa ligata (Say) - Chlorochroa ligata=Chlorochroa ligata (Say) - Chlorochroa ligata=Chlorochroa ligata (Say) - Chlorochroa ligata=Chlorochroa ligata (Say) - Chlorochroa ligata=Conchuela Stink Bug Ova - Chlorochroa ligata - Conchuela Stink Bug - Chlorochroa ligata (Say) - prefers fleshy fruits of various plants - w. NA to c. TX
Pent - Chlorochroa opuntiae Pentatomid with big scutellum - Chlorochroa osborni Chlorochroa saucia Pentatomid - Chlorochroa sayi - some five other spp. in Texas - genus mostly occurs across w. NA
adult - Pellaea stictica=last instar nymph - Pellaea stictica - Pellaea stictica (Dallas) - s. TX to S. Amer. - may feed on Ligustrum
Pharypia nitidiventris predatory stink bug? - Ramosiana insignis - Two first US records, Hays Co. and Kenedy Co. respectively.
Banasa euchlora Stål - Banasa euchlora=Pentatomidae nymph - Banasa euchlora - Jade Stink Bug - Banasa euchlora Stål - widely dist. across the US
8W45 Banasa - Banasa calva Banasa dimiata - Banasa dimidiata Stinker - Banasa lenticularis Pentatomid - Banasa packardii Banasa rolstoni - other spp. require dissection to separate. Cyptocephala elegans (Malloch) - Cyptocephala elegans=Cyptocephala elegans (Malloch) - Cyptocephala elegans=Cyptocephala elegans (Malloch) - Cyptocephala elegans - Cyptocephala elegans (Malloch) - hosts on Chenopodiaceae - s. TX, s. FL
1011C25 - Cyptocephala antiguensis - Cyptocephala antiguensis (Westwood) - sw US to s. TX
Tepa brevis (Van Duzee) - Tepa brevis=Tepa brevis (Van Duzee) - Tepa brevis - Tepa brevis (Van Duzee) - w. NA to s. TX
920W06 - Tepa vanduzeei Tepa jugosa (Van Duzee) - Tepa jugosa Tepa=Tepa - small, flat-colored, difficult to separate spp. that host on saltbush (Atriplex) - genus occurs in w. NA
Thyanta custator (Fabricius) - Thyanta custator=Thyanta custator (Fabricius) - Thyanta custator=Thyanta custator (Fabricius) - Thyanta custator=Thyanta custator (Fabricius) - Thyanta custator=Thyanta custator (Fabricius) - Thyanta custator=Thyanta custator (Fabricius) - Thyanta custator - Red-shouldered Sink Bug - Thyanta custator (Fabricius) - widely dist. across N. Amer.
Thyanta calceata (Say) - Thyanta calceata=Thyanta calceata (Say) - Thyanta calceata=Stink Bug - Thyanta calceata=Thyanta calceata (Say) - Thyanta calceata - Thyanta calceata (Say) - note narrow black line on the leading edge of the pronotum - e. US to e. TX
Thyanta maculata (Fabricius) - Thyanta maculata=Thyanta maculata (Fabricius) - Thyanta maculata=Thyanta maculata (Fabricius) - Thyanta maculata=Thyanta maculata (Fabricius) - Thyanta maculata=Thyanta maculata (Fabricius) - Thyanta maculata=nymph - Thyanta maculata - Thyanta maculata (Fabricius) - mostly s. TX to Panama
Stinkbug - Thyanta perditor=Thyanta perditor? - Thyanta perditor=bug - Thyanta perditor - Thyanta perditor (Fabricius) - mostly so. FL but 1 southmost TX record.
Piezodorus guildinii=Nymphs - Piezodorus guildinii - Red-banded Stink Bug - Piezodorus guildinii (Westwood) - major pest of soybeans in the southeast, see also Banasa spp. - se US to NM Odmalea - male=Odmalea - male Odmalea schaefferi (Barber) - Odmalea schaefferi=Odmalea schaefferi (Barber) - Odmalea schaefferi=Odmalea schaefferi (Barber) - Odmalea schaefferi - Odmalea spp. - two small spp. w/ pronounced pronotal angles - rare in s. TX
Dendrocoris humeralis (Uhler) - Dendrocoris humeralis=Dendrocoris humeralis (Uhler) - Dendrocoris humeralis=Dendrocoris humeralis (Uhler) - Dendrocoris humeralis=Dendrocoris humeralis (Uhler) - Dendrocoris humeralis - Dendrocoris humeralis (Uhler) - small, rounded, reddish sp. mostly found on oak - e. US to CA
Dendrocoris parapini Pentatomidae - Dendrocoris contaminatus - two other uncommon spp. in w. Texas
flat brown bug - Sciocoris longifrons=flat brown bug - Sciocoris longifrons=Sciocoris longifrons Barber - Sciocoris longifrons - Sciocoris longifrons Barber - subterranean pentatomid - c. and s. Texas Murgantia histrionica (Hahn) - Murgantia histrionica=Murgantia histrionica (Hahn) - Murgantia histrionica=Murgantia histrionica (Hahn) - Murgantia histrionica=Murgantia histrionica (Hahn) - Murgantia histrionica=Halloween Bug - Murgantia histrionica=Harlequin Bug, Murgantia histrionica, hatching from eggs - Murgantia histrionica - Harlequin Bug - Murgantia histrionica (Hahn) - primarily on Brassicaceae - e. US to CA
Bagrada Bug? - Bagrada hilaris=Bagrada hilaris infestation (mostly immatures) - Bagrada hilaris - Painted Bug - Bagrada hilaris (Burmeister) - adventive - sw US to c. TX, native to Africa.

Subfamily Podopinae - Turtle Bugs (formerly a full family separate from Pentatomidae)

W8-01 - Amaurochrous cinctipes - female=W8-01 - Amaurochrous cinctipes - female - Amaurochrous cinctipes (Say) - generally on veg is wet areas - e. NA to sw. TX
Oncozygia clavicornis=Oncozygia clavicornis=Oncozygia clavicornis - Oncozygia clavicornis Stål - life history unknown - uncommon, coastal se US to s TX

Family Acanthosomatidae - Shield Bugs

Red-Cross Shield Bug - Elasmostethus cruciatus=Red-Cross Shield Bug Nymph - Elasmostethus cruciatus - Red-Cross Shield Bug - Elasmostethus cruciatus (Say) - hosts on alder - Alnus (Betulaceae) - mountain west, n. US & Can.

See Also:

Annotated List and Photos of Central Texas Pentatomidae (Excellent reference) - Austin Bug Collection

Detailed Morphology of Pentatomidae - Biological Survey of Canada

North American Pentatomid Genera Photos - BugGuide

Field Guide to Stink Bugs of Agricultural Importance (PDF) - Virginia Tech

Biologia Centrali-Americana: Insecta, Hemiptera, Heteroptera & Homoptera

Checklist of the Pentatomidae of Oklahoma (60 spp.) - OK State University

Genus Index - David Rider, North Dakota State University

Species Index - David Rider, North Dakota State University

Pentatomoidea Bibliography - David Rider, North Dakota State University

Selected References:

Arnold, D.C. and W.A. Drew. 1988. The Pentatomoidea (Hemiptera) of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin, T-166. 42 pp.

Banks, N. 1910. Catalogue of the Nearctic Hemiptera-Heteroptera. American Entomological Society, Philadelphia, viii + 103 pp.

Barber, G.W. 1926. A short list of Scutelleroidea collected in New Mexico in 1916. Entomological News 37: 43–44.

Barber, H.G. 1906. Hemiptera from southwestern Texas. Science Bulletin of the Museum of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, 1(9): 255-289.

Barber, H.G. 1910. Some Mexican Hemiptera-Heteroptera new to the fauna of the United States. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 18: 34–39.

Blatchley, W.S. 1926. Heteroptera, or true bugs of eastern North America, with especial reference to the faunas of Indiana and Florida. The Nature Publishing Co., Indianapolis. 1116 pp. (Text)

Bundy C.S. 2012. An annotated checklist of the stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) of New Mexico. Great Lakes Entomologist 45: 196-209.

Dailey, P.J., R.C. Graves, and J.L. Herring. 1978. Survey of Hemiptera collected on common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca, at one site in Ohio. Entomological News 89(7&8): 157-162.

DeCoursey, R.M. and C.O. Esselbaugh. 1962. Descriptions of the nymphal stages of some North American Pentatomidae (Hemiptera-Heteroptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 55: 323-342.

Esquivel, J.F., R.M. Anderson and R.E. Droleskey. 2009. A visual guide for identification of Euschistus spp. (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in central Texas. Southwestern Entomologist 34(4): 485-488.

Esselbaugh, C.O. 1945. Biology of the Pentatomidae (Hemiptera). PhD Dissertation, Univ. Ill., Urbana, 247 pp.

Furth, D.G. 1974. The stink bugs of Ohio (Hemiptera:Pentatomidae). Bulletin of the Ohio Biological Survey 5(1): 1-62.

Froeschner, R.C. 1988. Family Pentatomidae Leach, 1815. The stink bugs, Pp. 544–597. In: T.J. Henry and R.C. Froeschner (eds.). 1988. Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the continental United States. E. J. Brill, New York. xix + 958 pp.

Gaines, J.C. 1933. Trap collections of insects in cotton in 1932. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 28(2): 47-54

Knowlton, G.F. 1944. Pentatomidae eaten by Utah birds. Journal of Economic Entomology 37(1): 118-119.

McDonald, F.J.D. 1986. Revision of Cosmopepla Stal (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 94(1): 1-15.

McPherson, J.E. 1982. The Pentatomoidea (Hemiptera) of Northeastern North America with emphasis on the fauna of Illinois. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville.  ix + 240 pp.

McPherson, J.E. and R.M. McPherson. 2000. Stink bugs of economic importance in America north of Mexico. CRC Press, Boca Raton. [14+] 253 pp.

Neck, R.W. 1988. Prey preferences of a predaceous stink bug, Stiretrus anchorago (F.) (Hemiptera, Pentatomidae). Texas Journal of Science 40(3): 354-356.

Nelson, G.C. 1957. A new species of Dendrocoris and a new combination of Atizies (Hemiptera, Pentatomidae). Proceedings of The Entomological Society of Washington 59: 197-199.

Paiero S.M., S.A. Marshall, J.E. McPherson, and M.-S. Ma. 2013. Stink bugs (Pentatomidae) and parent bugs (Acanthosomatidae) of Ontario and adjacent areas: A key to species and a review of the fauna. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 24: 1-183. [PDF]

Parshley, H.M. 1923. Family Pentatomidae, Cydnidae, Scutelleridae. Pp. 753-783, pls. XVIII-XX, In: Britton, W. E. (ed.), Guide to the Insects of Connecticut. Part IV. The Hemiptera or Sucking Insects of Connecticut. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut 34: 807 pp.

Parshley, H.M. 1925. A bibliography of the North American Hemiptera-Heteroptera. Smith College, Northampton, Mass., ix + 252 pp.

Rider, D.A. 2012. The Heteroptera (Hemiptera) of North Dakota I: Pentatomomorpha: Pentatomoidea. Great Lakes Entomologist 45: 312-380. [PDF]

Rider, D.A. and J.B. Chapin, 1992. Revision of the genus Thyanta Stål, 1862 (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). II. Central America, North America, and the West Indies. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 100(1): 42-98.

Rolston, L.H. [1972]1973. The genus Menecles Stål (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 80(4): 234-237.

Rolston, L.H. and F.J.D. McDonald. 1979. Keys and diagnoses for the families of Western Hemisphere Pentatomoidea, subfamilies of Pentatomidae and tribes of Pentatominae (Hemiptera). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 87(3): 189-207.

Ruckes, H. 1937. An annotated list of some pentatomids (Heteroptera) from New Mexico. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 32(1): 32-36.

Ruckes, H. 1938. Additions to an annotated list of pentatomids (Heteroptera) of New Mexico. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 33(1): 10-13.

Sanderson, E.D. 1905. Miscellaneous cotton insects in Texas. United States Department of Agriculture, Farmer's Bulletin 223, 23 pp.

Schaefer, C.W. and A.R. Panizzi (eds). 2000. Heteroptera of economic importance. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. xx + 828 pp. (Text)

Schuh, R.T. and J.A. Slater. 1995. True Bugs of the World (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Classification and Natural History. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. xii + 336 pp. (Text)

Slater, J.A. and R.M. Baranowski. 1978. How to know the True Bugs. Wm. C. Brown Company, Dubuque, Iowa. x + 256 pp.

Snow, F.H. 1906. Some results of the University of Kansas entomological expeditions to Galveston and Brownsville, Texas, in 1904 and 1905. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 20(1): 136-154.

Stroud, C.P. 1950. A survey of the insects of White Sands National Monument, Tularosa Basin, New Mexico. American Midland Naturalist 44: 659–677.

Summers, H.E. 1898. A generic synopsis of the Nearctic Pentatomidae. Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Sciences 6: 40-46.

Thomas, D.B., Jr. 1992. Taxonomic synopsis of the asopine Pentatomidae (Heteroptera) of the Western Hemisphere. Thomas Say Foundation Monograph, ESA, Vol. 16: iv + 156 pp.

Torre-Bueno, J.R. de la. 1912. Records of Heteroptera from Brownsville, Texas (Hemip.). Entomological News 23: 120-122.

Torre-Bueno, J.R. de la. 1925. Methods of collecting, mounting and preserving Hemiptera. Canadian Entomologist 57(3): 6-10, 27-32, 53-57.

Torre-Bueno, J.R. de la. 1930. On the Heteroptera collected by George P. Engelhardt in the South and West. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 25: 107-108.

Torre-Bueno, J.R. de la. 1931. Heteroptera collected by G. P. Engelhardt in the south and west - II. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 26: 135-139.

Torre-Bueno, J.R. de la. 1939. A synopsis of the Hemiptera-Heteroptera of America North of Mexico. Part I, Families Scutelleridae, Cydnidae, Pentatomidae, Aradidae, Dysodiidae and Termitaphididae. Entomologica Americana (ns) 19: 141-304.

Torre-Bueno, J.R. de la. 1940. Additions and corrections to "A synopsis of the Hemiptera-Heteroptera of America North of Mexico", part I. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 35: 51-53.

Townsend, C.H.T. 1894. Notes on some south-western Hemiptera. The Canadian Entomologist 26: 312–316.

Uhler, P.R. 1876. List of Hemiptera of the region west of the Mississippi River, including those collected during the Hayden explorations of 1873. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories 1: 267–361, plates 1–21.

Uhler, P.R. 1886. Check-List of the Hemiptera Heteroptera of North America. Brooklyn Entomological Society, Henry H. Kahrs, Steam Printer, Brooklyn, N.Y., i + 32 pp.

Uhler, P.R. 1904. List of Hemiptera-Heteroptera of Las Vegas Hot Springs, New Mexico, collected by Messrs. E. A. Schwarz and Herbert S. Barber. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 27: 349–364.

Van Duzee, E.P. 1903. Hemiptera of Beulah, New Mexico. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 29: 107–113.

Van Duzee, E.P. 1904. Annotated list of the Pentatomidae recorded from America, north of Mexico, with descriptions of some new species. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 30(1): 1-80.

Van Duzee, E.P. 1917. Catalogue of the Hemiptera of American North of Mexico: excepting the Aphididae, Coccidae and Aleurodidae. Vol. 2. University of California Press, Berkeley. i-xiv + 902 pp. (Full Text)

Vyavhare, S.S., M.O. Way, and R.F. Medina. 2014. Stink bug species composition and relative abundance of the redbanded stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in soybean in the upper gulf coast Texas. Environmental Entomology 43(6): 1621-7. [Abstract]

21 June 2017 © Mike Quinn / entomike@gmail.com / Texas Entomology