Texas Beetle Resources

Return to Texas Entomology - Compiled by Mike Quinn


Longhorn Beetles of Texas - Family Cerambycidae

413 species of cerambycids have been recorded from Texas (partial list)
Approximately 65% of the Texas total are shown here.

Ed Riley and Dan Heffern greatly assisted in finding, determining and photographing these beetles.
Specimens primarily from the following Texas insect collections: EGRC, DJHC, TAMUIC, UTIC

Thumbnails link to larger pix on BugGuide.Net. Click on "Info" tab for more information.


Disteniinae - Parandrinae - Prioninae - Spondylidinae - Lepturinae - Cerambycinae - Lamiinae

Selected Bibliography

Subfamily Disteniinae

Elytrimitatrix undata (Fabricius) - Elytrimitatrix undata=Longhorned Beetle - Elytrimitatrix undata

Subfamily Parandrinae

Neandra brunnea brunnea (Fabricius) - Neandra brunnea BG2671 E6048-9 - Parandra polita

Subfamily Prioninae

Mallodon dasystomus (Say) - Mallodon dasystomus=Mallodon dasystomus (Say) - Mallodon dasystomus=Mallodon dasystomus (Say) - Mallodon dasystomus - female Archodontes melanopus (Linnaeus) - Archodontes melanopus=Archodontes melanopus serrulatus (LeConte) - Archodontes melanopus

Derobrachus hovorei Santos-Silva - Derobrachus hovorei Prionus spinipennis Hovore & Turnbow - Prionus spinipennis - male=Prionus spinipennis Hovore & Turnbow - Prionus spinipennis - female Prionus arenarius Hovore - Prionus arenarius - male Prionus imbricornis  (Linnaeus) - Prionus imbricornis - male Prionus pocularis Dalman - Prionus pocularis - male Orthosoma brunneum  (Forster) - Orthosoma brunneum

Sphenostethus taslei (Buquet) - Sphenostethus taslei

Subfamily Spondylidinae (includes Aseminae)

Atimia confusa confusa (Say) - Atimia confusa Atimia huachucae Champlain & Knull - Atimia huachucae Arhopalus rusticus montanus (LeConte) - Arhopalus rusticus


Subfamily Lepturinae - Flower Longhorns

Elderberry Borer - Desmocerus palliatus (recorded from OK & LA) Gigas Longhorn Beetle - Stenelytrana gigas Trigonarthris atrata (LeConte) - Trigonarthris atrata Comacmaeops brunnea  (Knull) - Comacmaeops brunnea=Comacmaeops brunnea  (Knull) - Comacmaeops brunnea=Comacmaeops brunnea (Knull) - Comacmaeops brunnea=Comacmaeops brunnea (Knull) - Comacmaeops brunnea Bellamira scalaris (Say) - Bellamira scalaris Stenocorus cinnamopterus  (Randall) - Stenocorus cinnamopterus - male Pseudostrangali cruentata (Haldeman) - Pseudostrangali cruentata
Cyphonotida rostrata texana Giesbert & Hovore - Cyphonotida rostrata=Cyphonotida rostrata texana Giesbert & Hovore - Cyphonotida rostrata Charisalia americana (Haldeman) - Charisalia americana Grammoptera haematites  (Newman) - Grammoptera haematites Megachoriolaus texanus (Knull) - Megachoriolaus texanus=Megachoriolaus texanus (Knull) - Megachoriolaus texanus I believe this to be a Florida Longhorn Beetle, captured on the upper Gulf Coast of Texas, High Island, east of Galveston. - Lycochoriolaus lateralis Ribbed Pine Borer - Rhagium inquisitor Strangalia sexnotata Haldeman - Strangalia sexnotata strangaille - Strangalia sexnotata=strangaille - Strangalia sexnotata Typocerus acuticauda standishi Knull - Typocerus acuticauda Strangalia virilis LeConte - Strangalia virilis Typocerus lunulatus texanus Linsley & Chemsak - Typocerus lunulatus BG2126 E0368 - Typocerus zebra Typocerus velutinus nobilis (Newman) - Typocerus velutinus Typocerus sinuatus (Newman) - Typocerus sinuatus Typocerus balteatus diana Lewis -- PARATYPE - Typocerus balteatus Typocerus acuticauda standishi Knull - Typocerus acuticauda Typocerus lugubris (Say) - Typocerus lugubris Typocerus octonotatus (Haldeman) - Typocerus octonotatus Centrodera sublineata LeConte - Centrodera sublineata

Subfamily Cerambycinae

Achryson surinamum (L) - Achryson surinamum Geropa concolor (LeConte) - Geropa concolor=Geropa concolor (LeConte) - Geropa concolor Agallissus lepturoides (Chevrolat) - Agallissus lepturoides=Agallissus lepturoides (Chevrolat) - Agallissus lepturoides = Zagymnus clerinus  (LeConte) - Zagymnus clerinus

Tilloclytus geminatus (Haldeman) - Tilloclytus geminatus Cyrtophorus verrucosus=Cyrtophorus verrucosus

Gnaphalodes trachyderoides Thomson - Gnaphalodes trachyderoides=Gnaphalodes trachyderoides Thomson - Gnaphalodes trachyderoides Banded Hickory Borer - Knulliana cincta=BG2133 D2702 - Knulliana cincta Longhorn in oak area, Huachucas  - Knulliana cincta - female Chrotoma dunniana Casey - Chrotoma dunniana

Plinthocoelium schwarzi (Fisher) - Plinthocoelium schwarzi Plinthocoelium sp. - Plinthocoelium suaveolens
Semanotus ligneus (Fabricius) - Semanotus ligneus Phymatodes varius (Fabricius) - Phymatodes varius Callidium sp.? - Callidium texanum=House Beetle - Callidium texanum Phymatodes amoenus (Say) - Phymatodes amoenus Phymatodes lengi Joutel - Phymatodes lengi=Phymatodes lengi Joutel - Phymatodes lengi Physocnemum brevilineum
Xylotrechus sagittatus (Germar) - Xylotrechus sagittatus Ochraethes citrinus Chevrolat - Ochraethes citrinus=Ochraethes citrinus Chevrolat - Ochraethes citrinus Placosternus erythropus (Chevrolat) - Placosternus erythropus Rustic Borer - Xylotrechus colonus Tanyochraethes tildeni Chemsak & Linsley - Tanyochraethes tildeni=Tanyochraethes tildeni Chemsak & Linsley - Tanyochraethes tildeni Tylcus hartwegii (White) - Tylcus hartwegii Clytoleptus albofasciatus (Laporte & Gory) - Clytoleptus albofasciatus Megacyllene antennata Megacyllene decora (Olivier) - Megacyllene decora Megacyllene caryae (Gahan) - Megacyllene caryae Gray-winged Neoclyt-Borer - Neoclytus scutellaris Vogt's Spine-rumped Bycid - Neoclytus mucronatus Red-headed Ash Borer - Neoclytus acuminatus Neoclytus irroratus (LeConte) - Neoclytus irroratus Neoclytus augusti (Chevrolat) - Neoclytus augusti Neoclytus torquatus LeConte - Neoclytus torquatus=Neoclytus torquatus LeConte - Neoclytus torquatus Neoclytus sp - Neoclytus approximatus Neoclytus jouteli Davis - Neoclytus jouteli Black White Striped Beetle - Neoclytus caprea Ornithia mexicana mexicana (Sturm) - Ornithia mexicana - male=Ornithia mexicana mexicana (Sturm) - Ornithia mexicana Dryobius sexnotatus Linsley - Dryobius sexnotatus - male=Dryobius sexnotatus Linsley - Dryobius sexnotatus - male=Dryobius sexnotatus Linsley - Dryobius sexnotatus - male  =Eburia mutica LeConte - Eburia mutica Eburia quadrigeminata (Say) - Eburia quadrigeminata Eburia ovicollis LeConte - Eburia ovicollis Eburia stigmatica  Chevrolat - Eburia stigmatica Psyrassa castanea Bates - Psyrassa castanea Aneflomorpha seminuda Casey - Aneflomorpha seminuda Aneflomorpha tenuis (LeConte) - Aneflomorpha tenuis Psyrassa brevicornis Linsley - Psyrassa brevicornis  Parelaphidion aspersum (Haldeman)  - Parelaphidion aspersum Aneflomorpha seminuda Casey - Aneflomorpha seminuda Parelaphidion incertum (Newman) - Parelaphidion incertum Elaphidionopsis fasciatipennis Linsley - Elaphidionopsis fasciatipennis Gymnopsyra magnipunctata (Knull) - Gymnopsyra magnipunctata Enaphalodes taeniatus Elaphidion mimeticum Schaeffer - Elaphidion mimeticum Sphaerion exutum (Newman) - Sphaerion exutum BG972 C8994 - Elaphidion mucronatum Bycid - Elaphidion linsleyi Feeds on Oaks - Enaphalodes atomarius - male Red Oak Borer - Enaphalodes rufulus Aneflus obscurus  Anelaphus debilis (LeConte) - Anelaphus debilis Anelaphus? - Anelaphus moestus Anelaphus niveivestitus (Schaeffer) - Anelaphus niveivestitus Anelaphus villosus (Fabricius) - Anelaphus pumilus=Anelaphus villosus (Fabricius) - Anelaphus pumilus speckled dark longhorn - Anelaphus inermis elaphidiine - Anelaphus=elaphidiine - Anelaphus Anelaphus
Stenosphenus dolosus Horn - Stenosphenus dolosus Stenosphenus notatus (Olivier) - Stenosphenus notatus Stenosphenus lugens LeConte - Stenosphenus lugens Cerambycid - Stenosphenus sobrius

Hypexilis pallida Horn - Hypexilis pallida

Tylonotus bimaculatus Haldeman - Tylonotus bimaculatus Tylonotus masoni  (Knull) - Tylonotus masoni Haplidus laticeps Knull - Haplidus laticeps
Old House Borer - Hylotrupes bajulus
Neocompsa mexicana (Thomson) - Neocompsa mexicana Heterachthes nobilis LeConte - Heterachthes nobilis=Heterachthes nobilis LeConte - Heterachthes nobilis Neocompsa exclamationis (Thomson) - Neocompsa exclamationis Neocompsa intricata Martins - Neocompsa intricata Heterachthes ebenus - male Lissonotus flavocinctus Dupont  - Lissonotus flavocinctus

Styloxus f. fulleri (Horn) - Styloxus fulleri=Styloxus f. fulleri (Horn) - Styloxus fulleri Tessaropa tenuipes (Haldeman) - Tessaropa tenuipes Methia necydalea (Fabricius) - Methia necydalea Methia nr. mormona Linell 1897 - Methia mormona Coleomethia xanthocollis (Knull)  - Coleomethia xanthocollis=Coleomethia xanthocollis (Knull)  - Coleomethia xanthocollis Styloxus oblatipilis Chemsak & Linsley - Styloxus oblatipilis

Molorchus bimaculatus Say - Molorchus bimaculatus=Molorchus bimaculatus Say (reddish form) - Molorchus bimaculatus=Molorchus bimaculatus Say (reddish form) - Molorchus bimaculatus

Obrium mozinnae Linell - Obrium mozinnae=Obrium mozinnae Linell - Obrium mozinnae Obrium maculatum (Olivier) - Obrium maculatum Stenhomalus taiwanus Matsushita - Stenhomalus taiwanus Obrium glabrum Knull - Obrium glabrum Longhorn - Obrium rufulum Pena Blanca bycid - Malacopterus tenellus Oeme rigida rigida (Say) - Oeme rigida Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier) - Plectromerus dentipes - male Piezocera serraticollis Linell - Piezocera serraticollis Nathriobrium methioides Hovore  - Nathriobrium methioides=Nathriobrium methioides Hovore - Nathriobrium methioides =Rhopalophora cupricollis Guérin-Méneville - Rhopalophora cupricollis Rhopalophora angustata Schaeffer - Rhopalophora angustata Rhopalophora longipes (Say) - Rhopalophora longipes Dihammaphora dispar Chevrolat - Dihammaphora dispar Rhopalophora meeskei Casey - Rhopalophora meeskei Smodicum cucujiforme (Say) - Smodicum cucujiforme Blood-necked Longhorned Beetle - Callimoxys sanguinicollis - female Blood-necked Longhorned Beetle - Callimoxys sanguinicollis - female Tetranodus niveicollis (Linell) - Tetranodus niveicollis - female=Tetranodus niveicollis Linell - Tetranodus niveicollis - male Pentanodes dietzii Schaeffer  - Pentanodes dietzii=Pentanodes dietzii Schaeffer - Pentanodes dietzii - male Euderces pini Olivier - Euderces pini Euderces reichei LeConte - Euderces reichei Long-horned Beetle - Euderces picipes=Longhorned Beetle - Euderces picipes Ancylocera bicolor (Olivier) - Ancylocera bicolor - female=Ancylocera bicolor (Olivier) - Ancylocera bicolor - male Plionoma suturalis (LeConte) - Plionoma suturalis Plionoma rubens (Casey) - Plionoma rubens - male Schizax senex  LeConte - Schizax senex - male Sphaenothecus bivittata Dupont - Sphaenothecus bivittata Lophalia cyanicollis (Dupont) - Lophalia cyanicollis Mannophorus laetus LeConte - Mannophorus laetus Batyle suturalis cylindrella Casey - Batyle suturalis Batyle ignicollis (Say) - Batyle ignicollis Aethecerinus latecinctus (Horn) - Aethecerinus latecinctus Aethecerinus wilsonii (Horn) - Aethecerinus wilsonii Pilostenaspis lateralis (LeConte) - Pilostenaspis lateralis Parevander hovorei Giesbert  - Parevander hovorei Trachyderes mandibularis (Audinet-Serville) - Trachyderes mandibularis=Trachyderes m. mandibularis Dupont in Audinet-Serville - Trachyderes mandibularis - female Longhorn Beetle - Megaderus bifasciatus Chemsakiella ricei (Chemsak) - Chemsakiella ricei Callona rimosa - Beautiful Mesquite Borer - Callona rimosa Elytroleptus immaculipennis Knull - Elytroleptus immaculipennis Elytroleptus divisus (LeConte) - Elytroleptus divisus Elytroleptus apicalis (LeConte) - Elytroleptus apicalis Elytroleptus limpianus Skiles & Chemsak - Elytroleptus limpianus  Elytroleptus floridanus (LeConte) - Elytroleptus floridanus Crossidius suturalis LeConte - Crossidius suturalis Crossidius pulchellus LeConte - Crossidius pulchellus Crossidius humeralis quadrivittatus Penrose - Crossidius humeralis longhorn - Crossidius discoideus Unknown Brown Bug - Crossidius humeralis Crossidius militaris Bates, 1892 - Crossidius militaris - female Stenaspis verticalis insignis Casey - Stenaspis verticalis=Stenaspis verticalis insignis Casey - Stenaspis verticalis Stenaspis solitaria (Say) - Stenaspis solitaria - male=Stenaspis solitaria (Say) - Stenaspis solitaria Purpuricenus opacus (Knull) - Purpuricenus opacus Purpuricenus opacus  (Knull) - Purpuricenus opacus Purpuricenus linsleyi  Chemsak - Purpuricenus linsleyi Purpuricenus humeralis  (Fabricius)  - Purpuricenus humeralis Purpuricenus paraxillaris MacRae  - Purpuricenus paraxillaris - male Tragidion armatum  LeConte - Tragidion armatum Tragidion densiventre  Casey  - Tragidion densiventre - male Tragidion deceptum Swift & Ray - Tragidion deceptum - male Tragidion auripenne Casey - Tragidion auripenne Tragidion coquus (Linnaeus) - Tragidion coquus - male Tylosis jimenezii Dugès  - Tylosis jimenezii - male=Tylosis jimenezii Dugès  - Tylosis jimenezii Tylosis maculatus LeConte - Tylosis maculatus Tylosis oculatus LeConte - Tylosis oculatus

Subfamily Lamiinae - Flat-faced Longhorns

Valenus inornatus Casey - Valenus inornatus  Atrypanius irrorellus Bates - Atrypanius irrorellus Nyssodrysina haldemani (LeConte) - Nyssodrysina haldemani Aegomorphus quadrigibbus (Say) - Acanthoderes quadrigibba Astylopsis arcuata (LeConte) - Astylopsis arcuata Graphisurus triangulifer (Haldeman) - Graphisurus triangulifer - male Coenopoeus palmeri (LeConte) - Coenopoeus palmeri Astylopsis sexguttata (Say) - Astylopsis sexguttata 23may2012-col1 - Astyleiopus variegatus Dectes texanus LeConte - Dectes texanus Bycid - Pseudastylopsis pini Trichastylopsis albidus (LeConte) - Trichastylopsis albidus Longhorned Beetle - Acanthocinus obsoletus - male=Flat-Faced Longhorn - Acanthocinus obsoletus - female Acanthocinus  - Acanthocinus obliquus - female BG2142 E1085 - Acanthocinus nodosus - male Leptostylus cretatellus Bates - Leptostylus cretatellus=Leptostylus cretatellus Bates - Leptostylus cretatellus BG2130 C9995a - Leptostylus transversus Lepturges infilatus Bates - Lepturges infilatus Lepturges pictus (LeConte) - Lepturges pictus Lepturges angulatus (LeConte) - Lepturges angulatus=Lepturges angulatus (LeConte) - Lepturges angulatus - male Cerambycidae, dorsalX - Lepturges confluens Lepturges yucca  Schaeffer - Lepturges yucca Sternidius wiltii (Horn) - Sternidius wiltii Sternidius punctatus (Haldeman) - Sternidius punctatus Sternidius mimeticus (Casey) - Sternidius mimeticus Longhorned beetle 2 - Sternidius misellus Sternidius alpha Complex - Sternidius alpha Cerambycid - Sternidius imitans Peritapnia fabra Horn - Peritapnia fabra Longhorned Beetle -- P6173982 - Aegomorphus morrisii Spalacopsis texana Hippopsis lemniscata (Fabricius) - Hippopsis lemniscata=BG3010 E8449 - Hippopsis lemniscata Thryallis undatus  (Chevrolat) - Thryallis undatus=Thryallis undatus (Chevrolat) - Thryallis undatus Cerambycidae - ? - Adetus brousi Adetus Adetus  sp. - Adetus Parmenonta wickhami Schaeffer - Parmenonta wickhami Dorcasta cinerea (Horn) - Dorcasta cinerea=Dorcasta cinerea (Horn) - Dorcasta cinerea Cyrtinus pygmaeus (Haldeman) - Cyrtinus pygmaeus Cyrtinus beckeri  Howden - Cyrtinus beckeri Desmiphora aegrota Bates - Desmiphora aegrota Desmiphora hirticollis (Olivier) - Desmiphora hirticollis=Desmiphora hirticollis (Olivier) - Desmiphora hirticollis Eupogonius pauper LeConte - Eupogonius pauper Eupogonius tomentosus (Haldeman) - Eupogonius tomentosus Currant-tip Borer - Psenocerus supernotatus Cerambycid - Tigrinestola tigrina Dorcaschema alternatum (Say) - Dorcaschema alternatum=Dorcaschema alternatum (Say) - Dorcaschema alternatum Hemierana marginata suturalis (Linell) - Hemierana marginata Cathetopteron amoena (Hamilton) - Cathetopteron amoena Hemierana marginata ardens (LeConte) - Hemierana marginata Essostrutha laeta (Newman) - Essostrutha laeta=Essostrutha laeta (Newman) - Essostrutha laeta  Cactus Longhorn, Moneilema appressum - Moneilema appressum Eleodes or Coelocnemis?? - Moneilema armatum=Moneilema armatum
Neoptychodes trilineatus  (Linnaeus) - Neoptychodes trilineatus Plectrodera scalator (Fabricius) - Plectrodera scalator Monochamus clamator? - Monochamus clamator
Goes tigrinus  (Degeer) - Goes tigrinus Goes pulcher (Haldeman) - Goes pulcher Goes pulverulentus (Haldeman) - Goes pulverulentus Goes variegatus Linsley & Chemsak - Goes variegatus Goes fisheri Dillon & Dillon - Goes fisheri Oak Sapling Borer - Goes tesselatus Cacostola lineata (Hamilton) - Cacostola lineata Cacostola salicicola (Linsley) - Cacostola salicicola Lochmaeocles cornuticeps cornuticeps (Schaeffer) - Lochmaeocles cornuticeps
Oncideres cingulata texana Horn - Oncideres cingulata Oncideres pustulata LeConte - Oncideres pustulata Mesquite Girdler - Oncideres rhodosticta Parmenosoma griseum Schaeffer - Parmenosoma griseumMecas rotundicollis Thomson - Mecas rotundicollis=Mecas rotundicollis Thomson - Mecas rotundicollis Mecas marginella LeConte - Mecas marginella Pleasing Meca-Bycid - Mecas pergrata Mecas linsleyi Knull - Mecas linsleyi Mecas cineracea Casey  - Mecas cineracea Mecas cana saturnina (LeConte) - Mecas cana
Oberea ruficollis (Fabricius) - Oberea ruficollis=Oberea ruficollis (Fabricius) - Oberea ruficollis Oberea perspicillata Haldeman - Oberea perspicillata=Oberea perspicillata Haldeman - Oberea perspicillata Oberea ocellata Haldeman - Oberea ocellata=Oberea ocellata Haldeman - Oberea ocellata Oberea myops Haldeman - Oberea myops=Oberea myops Haldeman - Oberea myops Oberea schaumii LeConte - Oberea schaumii=Oberea schaumii LeConte - Oberea schaumii=Oberea schaumii LeConte - Oberea schaumii Callipogonius cornutus (Linsley) - Callipogonius cornutus=Callipogonius cornutus (Linsley) - Callipogonius cornutus=Callipogonius cornutus (Linsley) - Callipogonius cornutus Ecyrus arcuatus Gahan - Ecyrus arcuatus=Ecyrus arcuatus Gahan - Ecyrus arcuatus Ecyrus penicillatus Bates - Ecyrus penicillatus Ecyrus dasycerus (Say) - Ecyrus dasycerus Pygmaeopsis viticola Schaeffer - Pygmaeopsis viticola Ataxia tibialis Schaeffer - Ataxia tibialis=Ataxia tibialis Schaeffer - Ataxia tibialis Longhorn - Ataxia hubbardi=Ataxia hubbardi Fisher - Ataxia hubbardi Ataxia crypta (Say) - Ataxia crypta=Ataxia crypta (Say)  - Ataxia crypta  Saperda cretata  Newman  - Saperda cretata Woodbine Borer - Saperda puncticollis=Saperda puncticollis Say - Saperda puncticollis Saperda tridentata Olivier - Saperda tridentata Saperda lateralis Fabricius - Saperda lateralis=Saperda lateralis Fabricius - Saperda lateralis Saperda discoidea  Fabricius - Saperda discoidea - female Saperda calcarata Say - Saperda calcarata=Cerambycid - Saperda calcarata Saperda vestita Say - Saperda vestita Phaea canescens (LeConte) - Phaea canescens Phaea monostigma (Haldeman) - Phaea monostigma
Tetraopes texanus Horn - Tetraopes texanus=Tetraopes texanus Horn - Tetraopes texanus Tetraopes femoratus LeConte - Tetraopes femoratus=Tetraopes femoratus LeConte - Tetraopes femoratus Tetraopes tetrophthalmus (Forster) - Tetraopes tetrophthalmus=Tetraopes tetrophthalmus (Forster) - Tetraopes tetrophthalmus Tetraopes quinquemaculatus Haldeman - Tetraopes quinquemaculatus=Tetraopes quinquemaculatus Haldeman - Tetraopes quinquemaculatus Tetraopes thermophilus Chevrolat - Tetraopes thermophilus=Tetraopes thermophilus Chevrolat - Tetraopes thermophilus Tetraopes annulatus LeConte - Tetraopes annulatus=Tetraopes annulatus LeConte - Tetraopes annulatus
Tetraopes pilosus Chemsak - Tetraopes pilosus Tetraopes discoideus LeConte - Tetraopes discoideus Tetraopes linsleyi Chemsak  - Tetraopes linsleyi

Select Bibliography:

Alexander, D. H. 1958. A Preliminary Survey of the Cerambycidae of Oklahoma. Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci. 38: 43-52.

Bezark L.G., and M.A. Monné. 2013. Checklist of the Oxypeltidae, Vesperidae, Disteniidae and Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of the Western Hemisphere. 470 pp.

Burke, H.R. 1977. Horace Haldeman, Early Insect Collector in Texas. Melsheimer Entomological Series No. 22: 1-6

Chemsak, J.A. 1961. A new species of Purpuricenus from Texas (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 37: 183–184.

Chemsak, J.A. 1963. Taxonomy and bionomics of the genus Tetraopes. Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 30(1): 1-90.

Chemsak, J.A. & E.G. Linsley. 1970. Death-feigning among North American Cerambycidae. Pan-Pacific Entomol. 46(4): 305-307.

Chemsak, J.A. & E.G. Linsley . 1973. The genus Mecas LeConte (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 39: 141-184.

Chemsak, J.A. & E.G. Linsley. 1977. Review of the species of Derobrachus occurring in the United States. J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 50(4): 508-514.

Chemsak, J.A., & F.A. Noguera. 1998. Review of the genus Sphaenothecus Dupont (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 74(1): 12-26.

Cope, J. 1984. Notes on the ecology of western Cerambycidae. Coleopterists Bulletin, 38(1): 27-36.

Dean, H.A. 1953. Long-horned beetles that attack Citrus in the lower Rio Grande valley of Texas. J. Econ. Entomol. 46(1): 174.

Dillon, L.S. 1956. The nearctic components of the tribe Acanthocinini (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Part II. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 49: 207-235.

Farrell, B.D., & C. Mitter. 1998. The timing of insect/plant diversification: might Tetraopes (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and Asclepias (Asclepiadaceae) have co-evolved? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 63: 553–577. With 6 figures. [Full Text]

Fisher, W.S. 1914. A new species of Callichroma from Texas. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash., 16(3): 97-98.

Giesbert, E.F. & J.A. Chemsak. 1989. The genus Stenosphenus Haldeman (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 65: 269-301.

Giesbert, E.F. and J.A. Chemsak. 1993. A review of  the Rhopalophorini (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of North and Central America. Insecta Mundi 7(1-2): 27-64.

Giesbert, E.F. & J.A. Chemsak. 1997. A review of the genus Euderces LeConte (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae; Tillomorphini). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 49: 211-286.

Giesbert, E.F. & F.T. Hovore. 1998. Descriptions and synonymies in the North American Lepturini. Occ. Pap. of the Cons. Coleop., 2(1): 16-23.

Giesbert, E.F. & R.L. Penrose. 1984. Two new purpuricenine longhorns (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) from the Tamaulipan biotic province. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 38(1): 59-65.

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