Pontotoc Beetle Survey with Annotations
Coleoptera Collected at the Nature Conservancy's
Pontotoc Ridge Preserve
Pontotoc and Johnson Counties, Oklahoma
to Oklahoma Entomology - Compiled by Mike
The Nature Conservancy's Pontotoc
Ridge Preserve is a premier crosstimbers property comprising
2,900-acres in south-central Oklahoma.
This untilled landscape holds bottomland forests, oak savannas,
mixed-grass and tallgrass prairies, springs and cool running streams.
Collecting permited by Jona Tucker, Arbuckle Plains and Blue River Project Manager, Stonewall, OK
This page of beetle thumbnail photographs is the product of annual surveys starting on May 11, 2013.
Primary survey methods were beating and sweeping vegetation as well as blacklighting. A few species collected from rotting logs.
hundred and fifty beetle species are represented in 35 families.
Click on or "mouse over" thumbnails for determinations.
For more Oklahoma beetle photos, see Oklahoma Beetle Biota
Carabidae - Ground Beetles
Carabids are a large family of important predatory beetles.
Dytiscidae - Predaceous Diving Beetle
- Dytiscids are a large family of predaceous aquatic beetles.
Hydrophilidae - Water Scavenger Beetles
- Hydrophilids are a large family of scavenging aquatic beetles.
Histeridae - Clown Beetles
= = - Found in rotting wood where they are preditors on small interebrates
Silphidae - Carrion Beetles
= - Silphids are scavengers and carrion feeders.
Staphylinidae - Rove Beetles
Staphs comprose a very larve and diverse family. Most adults and larvae
are predatory on other invertebrates. Some larvae feed on decaying
Passalidae - Bess Beetles===
Found in rotting wood where they are important contributors to
decomposition. Note that the larvae only have two pairs of thoracic
Trogidae - Hide Beetles
= - Hide beetles are among the last scavengers to visit dry animal remains. They feed on skin, bone, hair, and feathers.
Scarabaeidae - Scarab Beetles
Scarab larvae are c-shaped white grubs that feed on roots and decomposing material.
Buprestidae - Metallic Wood-boring Beetles
A few species of 'bups' are important pests such as the Emerald Ash
Borer, but most species are beneficial pollinators and decomposers.
Elateridae - Click Beetles
Elaterid larvae are known as 'wireworms'. They are found in soil and
rotting wood. Some species, such as corn wireworms, are important pests.
Lampyridae - Fireflies
Lycidae - Net-winged Beetles
Net-winged beetle larvae feed on fungi, adults feed on nectar and
honeydew. Both larvae and adults are distasteful and often employ
Cantharidae - Soldier Beetles
Adult cantharids are common predacious beetles found on flowers where they also feed on pollen and are important pollinators.
Dermestidae - Skin Beetles
- This latter species was one of the most common beetles on prairie flowers.
Although dermestids can be important household (and museum) pests, in the wild, they serve as pollinators and decomposers.
Bostrichidae - Horned Powder-post Beetles - Bostrichids attack either living or dead wood.- The latter species is wide-ranging in the eastern US, but has rarely been
Cleridae - Checkered Beetles - Clerids are predators (note the large eyes) and also important pollinators.
Melyridae - Soft-winged Flower Beetles
= - This family of colorful small beetles are important pollinators.
Trogossitidae - Bark-gnawing Beetles - These flattened beetles are mostly found under loose bark where they prey on other insects.
Nitidulidae - Sap-feeding Beetles
While some nitidulids are stored product pests, most spp. are
saprophagus or mycetophagus feeders among other roles in the
Laemophloeidae - Lined Flat Bark Beetles - This minute wide-ranging eastern US species has rarely been
photograhed. (Only other photo on BugGuide is of a specimen from
Phalacridae - Shining Flower Beetles
Cryptophagidae - Silken Fungus Beetles
- These fungal feeders are often found in rotting wood and in leaf
litter, but can also be beaten from trees and swept from flowers.
Erotylidae - Pleasing Fungus Beetles
- Erotylid larvae and adults feed on the fruiting bodies of fungi growing in decaying wood
Bothrideridae - Dry Bark Beetles
- rarely encountered species
Coccinellidae - Lady Beetles
Immature ladybug larvae resemble tiny alligators. The Harmonia Lady
Beetle can be a pest as they attempt to hibernate in people's homes in
Melandryidae - False Darkling Beetles - Some members of this family resemble cantharids.
Mordellidae - Tumbling Flower Beetles
- Mordellids are common on flowers and are important pollinators.
Tenebrionidae - Darkling Beetles
Larvae of many 'tenebs' are known as 'false wireworms' for their similarity to elaterid larvae.
While most 'tenebs' are black ground-dwelling western beetles, this pale eastern species is common on flowers.
Meloidae - Blister Beetles=
Scraptiidae - False Flower Beetles
- Adult scraptiids are associated with flowers.
Cerambycidae - Long-horned Beetles =
Most 'bycids' are beneficial as they help breakdown dead wood as larvae and many adults are important pollinators.
Chrysomelidae - Leaf Beetles =
Subfamily Galerucinae - Skeletonizing Leaf Beetles, including Flea Beetles
Cryptocephalinae - The Casebearers or Cylindrical leaf beetles
Chrysomelids are a very important group of diverse
leaf-feeding beetles that generally have a fairly narrow range of
plants they host on.
Anthribidae - Fungus Weevils
- Adults feed on the pollen of various Asteraceae particularly sneezeweed - Helenium amarum.
Brentidae - Straight-snouted Weevils - Brentids are primative weevils with non-elbowed antennae.
Curculionidae - Weevils = = = =
Most weevils have a narrow range of host plants.
November 23, 2015
Quinn / firstname.lastname@example.org / Oklahoma Entomology / Beetle Resources / Photo Techniques / Oklahoma Beetle Biota