|National Geographic Society Research Reports, volume 14,
pages 259-260 (Washington, D. C. 1982)
Systematic Study if the Hesperiidae of Mexico
|| Hugh Avery Freeman, Hillcrest High
School, Dallas, Texas.
|Grant Nos. 1211, 1323,
|For a distributional study of the hesperiidae
butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Mexico.
I have been conducting scientific research on
the American Hesperiidae since 1930. In 1965 I began careful collecting
and study of the Hesperiidae of Mexico. Previous recorded evidence at that
time listed 450 known species of Hesperiidae for Mexico. To date I have
either collected or examined specimens that have increased that number to
688. The main purpose in conducting this research was to prepare a
publication that would give complete data on the taxonomy, synonymy, and
distribution of all the known species of Hesperiidae found to occur in
Mexico. When this study is completed such a publications will be prepared.
Research conducted in Mexico in 1973-74, under
grants 1211 and 1323, consisted of extensive collection over various areas
of Mexico, chiefly in the states of San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, and
Chiapas, together with the examination of specimens from Yucatan, Quintana
Roo, Tabasco, and Oaxaca received from other collectors. Scientific data
were obtained on approximately 500 species, resulting in the discovery of
15 new species and 39 new records for Mexico. In order to make this study
as complete as possible I made trips to Washington, D. C., to examine all
the tropical American Hesperiidae in the National Museum of Natural
History, to New York to spend some time in checking all the Mexican
Hesperiidae in the American Museum on Natural History, and to other
museums in the United States. In addition, complete data were obtained on
all Mexican Hesperiidae from the British Museum. Thus the research covered
the main collections of American Hesperiidae in the world. At present my
collection of Mexican Hesperiidae is the most complete in existence.
Collecting methods consisted of first locating
favorable areas in Mexico and then spending considerable time in obtaining
as many specimens as possible during the summer months. Each specimen
collected was placed in a triangular envelops with complete data placed on
it. During the winter months these specimens were relaxed and mounted.
When dry they were then classified and placed in my collection. When new
species or records were found, various articles were written for
publication describing the new species and listing the new records.
As a result of research in 1975, under grant
1455, nine more new species were discovered and seven more new records of
hesperiids were found among specimens collected in the states of Veracruz
and Oaxaca. These are treated in the articles cited in the References
(Freeman, 1979 a and b).
Specimens are still being mounted and placed in
my collection that were obtained during 1974 and 1975 to give more
information on the distribution of the various species in Mexico. At
present time my records show over 700 species to be found in that country.
In the near future sufficient information will have been obtained to
prepare the finished publication on all of the Hesperiidae from Mexico.
FREEMAN, HUGH AVERY
|A new species of Euphyes Scudder from Texas
(Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 29(4):227-229.
|New Hesperiidae records from Mexico. Journal of the
Lepidopterists' Society 30(1):62-67.
|Six new species of Hesperiidae from Mexico. Journal of
the Lepidopterists' Society 31(2):89-99.
|A review of the Mexican Polythrix Watson. Journal of
the Lepidopterists' Society 33(2):124-128.
|Nine new species and seven new records of Mexican
Hesperiidae. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 52:1-3, 29 figs.
HUGH AVERY FREEMAN